|Statement||editor, William A. Galvan.|
|Contributions||Galvan, William A.|
|LC Classifications||KF4570 .P74 2009|
|The Physical Object|
|LC Control Number||2009048232|
Presidential claims of executive privilege: history, law, practice and recent developments / Morton Rosenberg --Presidential advisers' testimony before congressional committees: an overview / Harold C. Relyea and Todd B. Tatelman. Presidential Claims of Executive Privilege Congressional Research Service Summary Presidential claims of a right to preserve the confidentiality of information and documents in the face of legislative demands have figured prominently, though intermittently, in executive-congressional relations since at least Executive privilege is an implied power claimed by Presidents of the United States and other officials of the executive branch of government to withhold from Congress, the courts or individuals, information that has been requested or ive privilege is also invoked to prevent executive branch employees or officials from testifying in Congressional hearings. Presidents can claim executive privilege to withhold documents or to prevent members of the executive branch from testifying in order to protect .
Explores the history, law and practice of US presidential claims of confidentiality, detailing such cases as the Watergate and post-Watergate cases. Through the lens of the executive branch, this title features claims of this executive privilege from President Ronald Reagan to President George W Bush. Executive privilege claims have risen sharply since the s, but most presidents since Dwight Eisenhower have assured Congress that such claims would only . The court pointed out that the effect of a claim of absolute privilege for close advisers would be to enable the president to judge the limits of his or her own qualified privilege: “Permitting the Executive to determine the limits of its own privilege would impermissibly transform the presumptive privilege into an absolute one.” Executive privilege is the right of the president of the United States and other members of the executive branch to maintain confidential communications under certain circumstances within the executive branch and to resist some subpoenas and other oversight by the legislative and judicial branches of government in pursuit of particular information or personnel relating to those confidential.
However, when the privilege depends solely on the broad, undifferentiated claim of public interest in the confidentiality of such conversations, a confrontation with . The idea of executive privilege is that the executive branch should be able to withhold information on specific confidential communications. In practice, that means senior White House advisers. The executive’s privilege is a presidential immunity that is limited to congressional demands for information pursuant to its implied oversight authority. In other words, in narrow circumstances, Congress lacks the implied authority to compel the president to provide information in the context of oversight. In , two of President Bush’s advisers were held in contempt of Congress for refusing to comply with an inquiry into the firing of several U.S. attorneys by citing executive privilege. This.